Controllable Risk Factors – Tobacco Use & Smoking

How is smoking linked to stroke?
Smoking doubles the risk for stroke when compared to a non-smoker. It reduces the amount of oxygen in the blood, causing the heart to work harder and allowing blood clots to form more easily. Smoking also increases the amount of build-up in the arteries, which may block the flow of blood to the brain, causing a stroke. The good news is that smoking-induced strokes and overall stroke risk can greatly reduced by quitting smoking.

Smoking doubles the risk for stroke when compared to a non-smoker.
Smoking doubles the risk for stroke when compared to a non-smoker.

Smokers often have concerns about quitting smoking. Following are tips for dealing with those concerns

  • “I’ll gain weight if I quit smoking.”
    Weight gain varies from person to person. The average person gains less than 5 kilos. Exercise and a low-fat diet can help. Eat plenty of fruits and vegetables, whole grain cereals and pasta. Low-sugar candy may also help. Try to get enough sleep. Talk to a doctor about how to quit smoking while maintaining your weight.
  • “What do I do when I get the urge to smoke?”
    When possible, stay away from places where others might be smoking. Ask others not to smoke around you. When you do feel the urge to smoke, distract yourself and stay busy. If you can make it three minutes, the urge probably will go away. You can also ask your doctor about prescription medications or nicotine replacement therapy, including over-the-counter patches and gum.
  • “Smoking relaxes me. I get too nervous and anxious if I don’t smoke.”
    First, try to take it easy. It is best to warn those around you that you have quit smoking. Try going for a walk if you get tense. Exercise can help you relax.
  • “I blew it. What do I do now?”
    Smoking cigarettes again does not mean that you have failed. You have already had some success. You got through a number of minutes, days or months without smoking. Don’t let relapses serve as excuses to start smoking again. You are an ex-smoker and can continue to be one.
  • “I’ve tried to quit smoking before. What makes this time different?”
    You can choose to be a non-smoker and be successful. It is important enough to your health to make another attempt. Set a goal for yourself. Think about why you smoke and different ways to handle those reasons without smoking. Help is out there if you ask for it. Ask your doctor or pharmacist for information about local support groups.

New Zealand is recognised internationally as having a comprehensive tobacco control programme, structured around evidence-based interventions proven to reduce smoking. Smoking, however, remains the single largest preventable cause of death and disease, with approximately 5000 deaths attributable to smoking in New Zealand each year. Reduce your risk now!

Tips to quit smoking:

Set a “Quit Date.” Mark calendars at home and at work.

Tell family, friends and co-workers about the plan to quit. Ask for their support.

Ask a doctor about nicotine replacement therapy or medication that can help control the urges to smoke.

Throw away all cigarettes, ashtrays, lighters and matches before the “Quit Date”.

Reward yourself for doing well. Buy something nice with the money saved on cigarettes.

A Head of StrokeA Head of Stroke” is dedicated to those affected by Stroke re-contributing to their community.We aim to provide impartial educational information on Stroke prevention, awareness, the effects, rehabilitation, reconnection, tips and tricks that can benefit those most affected by Stroke.

This is a New Zealand Web site. Its content is intended for New Zealand resident use.This Web site does not provide medical advice. Information provided on this site is not designed or intended to constitute medical advice or to be used for diagnosis. Due to unique individual needs and medical history, please consult your own personal physician who will be able to determine the appropriateness of the information for your specific situation and they will assist you in making any decisions regarding treatment and/or medication.

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